Métis people and communities have a long history of self-government, from the Great Lakes communities to Red River to Batoche and beyond. Métis governments were also very democratic, whether they were designed to govern the buffalo hunt or created as provisional governments.
In Saskatchewan, the first Métis organization/government was created in 1935 under Joe Ross. This organization was called the Half-breeds of Saskatchewan and was created to help Métis people deal with issues stemming from the Great Depression. In 1937, the organization drew up their first constitution and became officially known as the Saskatchewan Métis Society.
Throughout the years, there have been several Métis governance organizations in Saskatchewan including: the Métis Association of Saskatchewan (1964), which represented northern Métis interests; the Métis Society of Saskatchewan (1965), which represented southern interests and was amalgamated in 1967 with the Métis organization representing the North; the Association of Métis and Non-Status Indians of Saskatchewan (1975); the Métis Society of Saskatchewan (1988); and finally the Métis Nation-Saskatchewan (2000). These organizations have been led by many capable leaders including Joe Larocque, Jim Brady, Malcolm Norris, Howard Adams, Jim Sinclair, and Jimmy Durocher.